|Property & Casualty (P&C)||93.9%||91.9%|
|P&C and Disability||91.7%||91.8%|
The COR increased to 94.6% (2021: 93.6%) due to the increased COR's of the Health and P&C product lines as outlined below. The non-life business mix shifted, with growth in Disability and P&C and contraction in Health. This resulted in an increase in the commission ratio and expense ratio.
In P&C, the COR amounted to 93.9% (2021: 91.9%). Despite the increase of 2%-points, the combined ratio and underlying business performance remained strong. 2021 was impacted positively by COVID-19 restrictions, partly offset by the July floods and reserve strengthening. This year, weather related calamities (the ‘triple storm’ in February) and large claims had a higher impact than last year, and the level of claims rose due to increased traffic intensity as lockdown measures were lifted.
In Disability, the COR amounted to 89.3% (2021: 91.6%). The COR improved by 2.3%-point mainly due to improved underwriting results in Individual Disability and Sickness leave. The impact of the 8% extra increase of the minimum wage to a total of 10% was excluded from the COR. The COR including this impact amounted to 95.6%. (+6.2%-points).
The COR of Health deteriorated by 4.6%-points to 100.8%. In 2021, Health benefited from government support related to COVID-19 and an extraordinary inflow of customers. This year, a net outflow in combination with unfavorable claims experience, resulted in an increase of the COR. In addition, due to a large inflow in customers (to be insured in 2023), acquisition costs were taken into account in 2022, leading to an impact of 0.8%-points on the COR.
The claims, commission and expense ratio can be calculated based on the following information:
|Net insurance premiums Non-life||4,159||4,042|
|Net insurance claims and benefits||-3,227||-3,056|
|- Interest accrual on provisions (Disability)||72||74|
|- Compensation capital gains (Disability)||-11||-6|
|- Prudence margin (Health)||-5||8|
|Net insurance claims and benefits (after adjustments)||-3,080||-2,981|
|Fee and commission income||24||23|
|Commission expenses - Investment related||1||3|
|Corrections made for investment charges||8||6|
|Operational expenses (after adjustments)||-278||-263|
The adjustment for incidental items in the table above refers to the strengthening of Disability provisions related to the 10% increase of the legal minimum wage as of 1 January 2023.