|Property & Casualty (P&C)||91.9%||92.5%|
|P&C and Disability||91.8%||93.6%|
The combined ratio (COR) decreased to 93.6% (2020: 95.2%) in line with the decreasing COR's of the different business lines. As a result of a shift in the non-life business mix towards Health the commission ratio and expense ratio were decreasing whereas the claims ratio remained stable. The claims ratio benefited from the COVID-19 impact (-2%-points, 2020: -1%-point). See chapter 6.6.7 for more detailed information regarding the COVID-19 impact on the net insurance claims and benefits.
In P&C, the COR amounted to 91.9% (2020: 92.5%). The COVID-19 measures still resulted in significantly lower claims, particularly in motor and fire. There was a negative impact from reserve strengthening, primarily related to motor vehicle liability, including the effect from a further, sector-wide, lowering of the actuarial interest rate for personal injury.
In Disability, the COR amounted to 91.6% (2020: 95.1%). The underlying performance improved, thanks to pricing actions and improvements made in the sickness leave portfolio via claims control and a further focus on prevention and re-integration. Reserves were strengthened in group disability and sickness leave, reflecting new insights into the impact of long-term (psychological) absenteeism after falling ill to COVID-19. However, this impact is less severe than last year.
The COR of Health improved by 1.6%-points to 96.2%. The improvement was mainly due to a strong underlying business performance driven by growth of the portfolio. The contribution from COVID-19 compensation schemes was limited.
The claims, commission and expense ratio can be calculated based on the following information:
|Net insurance premiums Non-life||4,042||3,568|
|Net insurance claims and benefits||-3,056||-2,710|
|- Interest accrual on provisions (Disability)||74||76|
|- Compensation capital gains (Disability)||-6||3|
|- Prudence margin (Health)||8||5|
|Net insurance claims and benefits (after adjustments)||-2,981||-2,626|
|Fee and commission income||23||25|
|Corrections made for investment related commission expenses||3||-|
|Corrections made for investment charges||6||7|
|Operational expenses (after adjustments)||-263||-251|